Animal Physiology Assignments by TEACHING CARE online tuition and coaching classes
- Neurons that conduct nerve impulses from the receptors to the central nervous system are
- Processes that carry nerve impulses away from the cell body are called
- The neuroglia that produce myelin sheaths around axons in the peripheral nervous system are
- The portion of the nervous system that is considered involuntary is the
somatic nervous system.
sensory nervous system.
autonomic nervous system.
motor nervous system.
- All of the following are functions of the nervous system EXCEPT
responses to changes.
- The different charge between the outside and the inside of a neuron at rest is called
resting membrane potential.
- The stage in an action potential that immediately follows depolarization is
the resting period.
- The junction between two nerve cells is called
- Neurotransmitters are released at the
- In the reflex arc, a muscle or gland is considered to be the
- sensory neurons
- Schwann cells
- autonomic nervous system
- stores calcium
- resting membrane potential
- axon terminal
- All of the following are endocrine glands EXCEPT:
- Hormones that enter target cells and bind to receptors in the nucleus are called
water soluble hormones.
- The hormones regulating blood calcium levels are
insulin and glucagon.
glycogen and parathyroid hormone.
parathyroid hormone and calcitonin.
estrogen and progesterone.
- All of the following are hormones of the anterior pituitary EXCEPT
human growth hormone (GH).
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
- Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin are stored and released by the
posterior pituitary gland.
anterior pituitary gland.
- Calcitonin is a hormone of the
are produced in the adrenal cortex.
are steroid hormones.
help regulate the homeostasis of sodium and potasium.
all of the above.
- Which of the following hormones are responsible for the “fight-or-flight” response?
epinephrine and norepinephrine.
insulin and glucagon.
esrtogen and progesterone.
thyroxin and melatonin.
- The gland which can be classified as an endocrine and an exocrine gland is the
- . Glucagon
accelerates the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
slows down glucose formation from lactic acid.
decreases the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
speeds up protein synthesis within cells.
- sebaceous glands
- steroid hormones
- parathyroid hormone and calcitonin
- parathyroid hormone (PTH)
- posterior pituitary gland
- thyroid gland
- all of the above
- epinephrine and norepinephrine
- accelerates the conversion of glycogen into glucose
- All of the following are functions of the skeletal system EXCEPT
blood cell production
- The shaft of a long bone is called
deposit calcium into bone.
destroy bone matrix.
are a type of white blood cell.
A and C are correct.
- Fat is stored in
red bone marrow.
yellow bone marrow.
- All of the following are facial bones EXCEPT
- Which of the following is a cranial bone?
- The bone that does not articulate with any other bone is the
- All of the following are bones of the thorax EXCEPT
- The pelvic girdle consists of the
humerus and radius.
ulna and radius.
clavicle and scapula.
- The bone of the upper arm is the
- destroy bone matrix
- yellow bone marrow
- ethmoid bone
- sphenoid bone
- hyoid bone
- hip bones
- A sarcomere
is a section of a myofibril.
gets shorter when it contracts.
All of the choices are correct.
- During muscular contraction
actin and myosin filaments slide past each other.
ATP supplies energy.
calcium ions (Ca++) are involved.
all of the above
- At a neuromuscular junction,
a nerve impulse causes the release of a neurotransmitter.
a neurotransmitter causes calcium to be released into the muscle cell.
A & B
none of the above
- Which is NOT a function of muscles?
- A skeletal muscle cell
has light and dark bands (striations).
has only one nucleus.
is under involuntary control.
None of the above are true
- The origin of the biceps brachii is
the attachment of the muscle that remains relatively fixed during contraction.
A & B
- The stages in muscle contraction include a
nerve impulse reaching a neuromuscular junction.
nerve impulse stimulating the release of calcium ions.
actin filaments sliding past myosin filaments.
all the above are true
- The functional unit of a muscle fiber is the
- Which of the following statements is NOT true about muscle activity.
Muscles can only pull, they never push.
All muscles have at least two attachments: the origin and insertion.
During contraction, the muscle origin moves toward the insertion.
All muscles cross at least one joint.
- Muscle fatigue is due, in part, to the accumulation of
- All of the choices are correct.
- all of the above
- A & B
- absorb nutrients
- has light and dark bands (striations).
- A & B
- all the above are true
- During contraction, the muscle origin moves toward the insertion.
- lactic acid.
- Taste receptors are called
- The muscle responsible for the change of the shape of the lens is the
arrector pili muscle.
superior rectus muscle.
- The layer that contains photoreceptors is the
- The area containing the highest concentration of cones is the
- The clear jellylike substance behind the lens of the eye is the
- The bending of light that happens at the cornea and lens is
- Which of the following belongs to the middle ear?
- The receptors for hearing are located in the
- The senses for dynamic equilibrium are located in the
Organ of Corti.
- The most common cause of blindness in the United States is
Ans.Bottom of Form
- gustatory receptors
- ciliary muscle
- fovea centralis
- vitreous humor
- semicircular canals