CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus
COURSE STRUCTURE CLASS –X Mathematics
Units 
Unit Name 
Marks 
I 
NUMBER SYSTEMS 
06 
II 
ALGEBRA 
20 
III 
COORDINATE GEOMETRY 
06 
IV 
GEOMETRY 
15 
V 
TRIGONOMETRY 
12 
VI 
MENSURATION 
10 
VII 
STATISTICS & PROBABILTY 
11 

Total 
80 
Detailed Syllabus Class X Mathematics
UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS
1. REAL NUMBER (15) Periods
Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of irrationality of
UNIT II: ALGEBRA
 POLYNOMIALS (8) Periods
Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.
 PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES (15) Periods
Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency.
Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically – by substitution, by elimination. Simple situational problems.
 QUADRATIC EQUATIONS (15) Periods
Standard form of a quadratic equation ax^{2} + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.
Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.
 ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS (10) Periods
Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the n^{th} term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.
UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
Coordinate Geometry (15) Periods
Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division).
UNIT IV: GEOMETRY
 TRIANGLES (15) Periods
Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.
 (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same
 (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
 (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are
 (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
 (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
 CIRCLES (10) Periods
Tangent to a circle at, point of contact
 (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
 (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.
UNIT V: TRIGONOMETRY
 INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY (10) Periods
Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a rightangled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values of the trigonometric ratios of 30^{0}, 45^{0} and 60^{0}. Relationships between the ratios.
 TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES (15) Periods
Proof and applications of the identity sin^{2}A + cos^{2}A = 1. Only simple identities to be given.
3. HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression. (10) Periods
Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, and 60°.
UNIT VI: MENSURATION
 AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES (12) Periods
Area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only.
 SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES (12) Periods
Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones.
UNIT VII: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
1. 
STATISTICS 
(18) Periods 

Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). 
 PROBABILITY (10) Periods
Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on finding the probability of an event.