CBSE Class 9 Mathematics Syllabus
COURSE STRUCTURE CLASS –IX Mathematics
Units 
Unit Name 
Marks 
I 
NUMBER SYSTEMS 
10 
II 
ALGEBRA 
20 
III 
COORDINATE GEOMETRY 
04 
IV 
GEOMETRY 
27 
V 
MENSURATION 
13 
VI 
STATISTICS 
06 

Total 
80 
UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS
1. REAL NUMBERS (18) Periods
 Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, and rational numbers on the number Rational numbers as recurring/ terminating decimals. Operations on real numbers.
 Examples of nonrecurring/nonterminating Existence of nonrational numbers (irrational numbers) such as, and their representation on the number line. Explaining that every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely, viz. every point on the number line represents a unique real number.
 Definition of nth root of a real
 Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type
and (and their combinations) where x and y are natural number and a and b are integers.
 Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases (to be done by particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general )
UNIT II: ALGEBRA
 POLYNOMIALS (26) Periods
Definition of a polynomial in one variable, with examples and counter examples. Coefficients of a polynomial, terms of a polynomial and zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials. Monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros of a polynomial. Motivate and State the Remainder Theorem with examples. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization of ax^{2} + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b and c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.
Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. Verification of identities:
and their use in factorization of polynomials.
2. LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES (16) Periods Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables. Focus on linear equations of the type ax + by + c=0.Explain that a linear equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real numbers, plotting them and showing that they lie on a line. UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY COORDINATE GEOMETRY (7) Periods The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate plane, notations. 
UNIT IV: GEOMETRY 
1. INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID’S GEOMETRY (7) Periods 
History – Geometry in India and Euclid’s geometry. Euclid’s method of formalizing observed phenomenon into rigorous Mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates and theorems. The five postulates of Euclid. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem, for example:
(Axiom) 1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them. (Theorem) 2. (Prove) Two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.
 LINES AND ANGLES (15) Periods
 (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180^{O} and the
 (Prove) If two lines intersect, vertically opposite angles are
 (Motivate) Lines which are parallel to a given line are
 TRIANGLES (22) Periods
 (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).
 (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).
 (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruence).
 (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other (RHS Congruence)
 (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are
 (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are
4. QUADRILATERALS (13) Periods
 (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and
 (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and
 (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third side and in half of it and (motivate) its converse.
 CIRCLES (17) Periods
1.(Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.
2.(Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.
 (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center (or their respective centers) and conversely.
4.(Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
5.(Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
6.(Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.
7.(Motivate) The sum of either of the pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° and its converse.
UNIT V: MENSURATION
 AREAS (5) Periods
Area of a triangle using Heron’s formula (without proof)
2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES (17) Periods
Surface areas and volumes of spheres (including hemispheres) and right circular cones.
UNIT VI: STATISTICS
STATISTICS (15) Periods
Bar graphs, histograms (with varying base lengths), and frequency polygons.