Cell the basic unit of life and cell wall DPP



What part of the cell is responsible for breaking down and digesting things?


A. ribosomes


B. lysosomes


C. endoplasmic reticulum


D. vacuole


  Q.2) Identify the organelle pictured:


A. chloroplast


B. endoplasmic reticulum


C. golgi apparatus


D. mitochondria



Q.4)   Which of the following is found in plant cells, but NOT in animal cells?


A. cell wall


B. vacuole


C. mitochondria


D. endoplasmic reticulum



The semifluid matrix in the interior of the cell is called the


A. vacuole


B. cytoplasm


C. nucleus


D. lysosome




Identify the organelle:


A. golgi apparatus


B. endoplasmic reticulum


C. mitochondria


D. lysosome


Q.7)  What part of the cell makes proteins?


A. lysosomes


B. mitochondria


C. ribosomes


D. vacuole


Q.8)  Where are the ribosomes usually located in plant and animal cells?


A. inside the nucleus


B. near the cell membrane


C. on the endoplasmic reticulum


D. inside the vacuole



Q.10)  DNA is stored in what organelle?


A. nucleus


B. endoplasmic reticulum


C. cell membrane


D. lysosome


  1. Which of the following is found in the nucleus?
  2. vacuoles c. mitochondria
  3. chloroplasts d. chromosomes
  4. What type of cell has these characteristics: contains DNA but no nucleus, contains

flagella, ribosomes, cytoplasm, and a cell membrane.

  1. plant c. animal
  2. fungi d. bacteria
  3. Where is the site of protein synthesis?
  4. nucleus c. ribosome
  5. lysosome d. mitochondria –
  6. A cell with relatively few energy needs will probably have a relatively small number of
  7. ribosomes c. mitochondria
  8. lysosomes d. chromosomes
  9. Organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus are called
  10. plants c. eukaryotes
  11. organelles d. prokaryotes
  12. Which of the following structures are common to both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?
  13. nucleus c.lysosomes
  14. ribosomes d. both b and c
  15. A cell is observed to contain a nucleus, mitochondria and chloroplasts. From this

information you can conclude that the cell is:

  1. a plant cell c. a bacterial cell
  2. an animal cell d. a prokaryotic cell
  3. Which of the following statements is always true?
  4. All cells have a cell wall. c. All cells contain a chloroplast.
  5. All cells contain a nucleus. d. All cells have a cell membrane.
  6. Plant cells often have a box-like shape because of the
  7. nucleus c. cytoplasm
  8. cell wall d. cell membrane
  9. The site of ATP production and the site of photosynthesis are the _______________ and


  1. ribosomes and vacuoles c. mitochondria and chloroplast
  2. chloroplast and lysosome d. Golgi complex and chloroplast
  3. Which of the following forms of life is NOT eukaryotic?
  4. a bacterial cell c. a plant cell
  5. protist such as an amoeba d. a human cell such as a red blood cell
  6. A cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles is known as a(an)

______________ cell.

  1. plant c. eukaryote
  2. animal d. prokaryote
  3. Which organelle has no membrane?
  4. vacuole c. ribosome
  5. lysosome d. chloroplast
  6. What is the outermost boundary of an animal cell?
  7. the cell wall c. the cell membrane
  8. the cytoplasm d. the nuclear envelope
  9. Which of the following features is common to prokaryotes and many eukaryotes?
    a. Definite Chromosomes present
    b. Cell wall present
    c. Nuclear membrane present
    d. Sub cellular organelles present
  10. What is a tonoplast?
    a. Outer membrane of mitochondria
    b. Inner membrane of chloroplast
    c. Membrane boundary of the vacuole of plant cells
    d. Cell membrane of a plant cell
  11. Which of the following is not true of a eukaryotic cell?
    a. It has 80S type of ribosome present in the mitochondria
    b. It has 80S type of ribosome present in the cytoplasm
    c. Mitochondria contain circular DNA
    d. Membrane bound organelles are present
  12. Which of the following is not correct?
    (a) Robert Brown discovered the cell.
    (b) Schleiden and Schwann formulated the cell theory.
    (c) Virchow explained that cells are formed from pre-existing cells.
    (d) A unicellular organism carries out its life activities within a single cell.
  13. New cells generate from
    (a) bacterial fermentation      (b) regeneration of old cells
    (c) pre-existing cells (d) abiotic materials
  14. Which of the following is correct:
    (a) Cells of all living organisms have a nucleus.
    (b) Both animal and plant cells have a well defined cell wall.
    (c) In prokaryotes, there are no membrane bound organelles.
    (d) Cells are formed de novo(new) from abiotic materials.
44. What controls most of the cell processes and contains the hereditary information of DNA.


A. Mitochondria


B. Chloroplast


C. Nucleus


D. Nucleolus


Q.45)  What is a Cell membrane?


A. A thin flexible barrier around the cell that regulates transport


B. A rigid cover that provides support for the cell


C. The place where light energy, water, and carbon dioxide are used


D. Convert solar energy to chemical energy


Q.46)  What is the main function of the Cell Wall?


A. To protect and provide support for the cell


B. Builds proteins


C. Convert solar energy to chemical energy


D. Takes in cardon dioxide



Q.48)  You will not find a cell wall in which of these kinds of organisms?


A. Fungi


B. Animal


C. Plants


D. All of the above


Q.49)  Which organelle would you expect to find in a plant cell but not a animal cell?


A. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


B. Mitochondria


C. Ribosome


D. Chloroplast


Q.50)  Which organelle makes food?


A. The vacuole


B. The nucleous


C. The chloroplast


D. The ribosome



51. What part of the cell is identified with the arrow?


A. The nucleus


B. The ribosome


C. The vacuole


D. The chloroplast


Q.52)  Which organelles helps provide cell with energy and release energy?


A. Rough endoplasmic reticulum


B. Golgi apparatus and ribosomes


C. Mitochondria and chlorplasts


D. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


  53. Which part of the plant cell is the chloroplast?







  1. Which of the following organelles would only be found within a cell that was both eukaryotic and autotrophic?
  2. A) mitochondria
  3. B) ribosomes
  4. C) rough endoplasmic reticulum
  5. D) chloroplast



Answer: D


  1. After being formed by the ribosomes located on the endoplasmic reticulum, what is the next organelle to which a protein could be transported?
  2. A) mitochondria
  3. B) smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  4. C) Golgi apparatus
  5. D) nucleus



Answer: C





  1. Which is NOT true about the cell theory?
  2. A) Its various parts were described by Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow.
  3. B) It states that all organisms are composed of cells.
  4. C) It states that all cells come from preexisting cells.
  5. D) It states that bacteria and other small organisms can arise spontaneously.



Answer: D

5.The non-membrane bound organelles found in animal cells

  1. Ribosomes


  1. vacuole


  1. a only
  2. b only
  3. both a and b
  4. d only





  1. The main arena of cellular activities in both the plant and animal cells is
  1. cytoplasm.
  2. Nucleus
  3. Golgi complex
  4. Chromosomes


  1. The cell organelle found in all cells –both eukaryotic as well as prokaryotic is
  2. endoplasmic reticulum (ER),
  3. the golgi complex,



  1. Which statement is NOT true about bacteria?
  2. A) Their cell wall is made of a slime layer that is the same as in plant cell walls.
  3. B) Some are photosynthetic.
  4. C) Some are motile due to flagella.
  5. D) They are all prokaryotes.



Answer: A


  1. Which statement is NOT true about bacterial anatomy?
  2. A) Bacteria have pili which are used to transfer DNA to other bacteria
  3. B) The glycocalyx sheath is located inside the cell wall.
  4. C) There may be small rings of accessory DNA called plasmids.
  5. D) Bacteria may have fimbriae that help attach the bacteria to other structures.



Answer: B



14.what is it that makes an

organism living, or what is it that an inanimate thing does not have which

a living thing has’ ? The answer to this is the presence of

  1. growth
  2. metabolism
  3. irritability
  4. the basic unit of life – the cell

ans 4

  1. Unicellular organisms are capable of (a) independent existence

(b) performing the essential functions of life

  1. a only
  2. b only
  3. both a and b
  4. None of the above

Ans 3

16.First person to  saw and described a live cell.

  1. Robert Brown
  2. Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
  3. Dujardin
  4. Schwann

Ans 2

  1. Who, based on his studies on plant

tissues, concluded  that the presence of cell wall is a unique character of the plant


  1. Schleiden
  2. Schwann
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Rudolf Virchow





  1. The nucleus is NOT important as the site of
  2. A) DNA synthesis.
  3. B) RNA synthesis.
  4. C) synthesis of ribosomal subunits.
  5. D) protein synthesis.


Answer: D